SAN JOSE – In order to adapt to and face the threat of mass extinction posed by climate change, 30 percent of the planet must be protected by 2030 through nature-based solutions, experts said during a PreCOP25 conference held on Wednesday in Costa Rica.
Nature – which has been left in the background of the fight against climate change – may be part of the answer to protect natural resources and offer a path to sustainability and food security.
During the conference, Costa Rica, France, Finland, Gabon, Grenada and the United Kingdom announced the so-called High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People, which seeks to secure the preservation of 30 percent of the planet by 2030.
The High Ambition Coalition is looking to promote nature-based measures because it has been determined that 30 percent of the solution can come from nature-related actions such as reforestation and ocean protection.
For the authorities, it is an urgent challenge, since several figures suggest that the world is now reaching the warming limit of 2 degrees Celsius; if the current continues, it may rise to 3 degrees, leading to irreversible effects.
For that reason, protecting that 30 percent means that the planet’s natural resources – in this case, trees – will be able to capture the necessary carbon to prevent the temperature from continuously rising.
The initiative’s promoter, Costa Rica President Carlos Alvarado, said in an interview with EFE that the goal of protecting 30 percent of the planet by 2030 was “ambitious but realistic,” though he acknowledged that it required a big change of mindset at entities ranging from governments and international organizations to companies and ordinary citizens.
“This requires a big change of mentality. Each of us can directly take action on climate change in the way we consume, the way we produce, the way we handle the garbage and the way we transport ourselves,” he said.
The French Secretary of State for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition of France, Brune Poirson, said that France was happy to be part of the coalition and that they all needed three aspects to protect the environment: ambition, courage and emotions.
Although they have the ambition to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, they also would have to consider if this goal is realistic without making a serious effort to protect nature, he said.