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  HOME | Venezuela (Click here for more Venezuela news)

TalCual: The Venezuela Crisis and its Genesis
Some historians and other experts in this field have pointed out that the severe crisis Venezuela is going through today may have its roots in the mid-1950s, a time when the nation’s oil industry was taking off to replace other commodities as the main source of revenues

By TalCual

In Venezuela, the issue of the existence of a "comprehensive crisis" in social, economic and political matters has devoured all levels of opinion in the country. However, a clear contrast that evidences controversies is observed and, far from unifying the criteria of the causes, effects and consequences of the "genesis" of the "crisis," the situation gets more confusing every time.

It is taken for granted that nobody is taking, neither responsibility nor co-responsibility for the harmful consequences that "the scourge" of the crisis has imposed on the most important sector of the country (the people), who only plays the role of victim without any kind of resources.

One thing to note is that the crisis is not new in its genetic birth. Some historical background should be noted: for example, the population of Venezuela was estimated at 6,4 million in 1956 (government of Marcos Pérez Jiménez). About 47% (3 million) were located in urban areas, while 53% (3.5 million) were in rural areas, since back then the so-called "black gold" had taken its first steps to replace the country’s economy based on tobacco, coffee, cacao, agriculture, livestock, wood, etc., for an economy based on the exploitation and marketing of crude oil.

Today in 2019 we are approximately – without the exodus of some 5 million people – 30 million people. This means that there should have been 35 million people, which indicates a population growth of 26 million people in 63 years, or 4.5 million on an annual basis. The difference between the Venezuela of 1956 and that of 2019 is that the population is 90% in urban environments while only 10% is in rural areas.

This kind of growth in the population in 63 years (82%) only indicates one thing: 90% of Venezuela’s rural diaspora moved to the city, that is to say, the crisis was born with "mom and dad," who did not have sufficient capacity to ensure the social, economic and political development of a country, and that in the absence of knowledge of public management was devoted to promote actions of political improvisation.

In the absence of a vision, Venezuela is now amid a crude historical reality. It went from being a country that not only fought for its own freedom 208 years ago, but also for that of other countries; today it depends on intermediary players that from Norway and Barbados (one a kingdom, the other a colony) distribute the social, economic and political assets of those who have not shown the capacity to resolve the crisis that they themselves have created across the whole country among the powers in conflict.

Our homeland is being wildly mortgaged each day. There is no difference between what Eduardo Galeano once wrote in his book "Open Veins of Latin America" and what is happening in Venezuela today. I still maintain that we must go back to the Battle of Carabobo, which led to the independence of Venezuela. It all depends on us to wake up, react and take action.

We need to cross the road and rescue our own destiny.

"Only the people united will be able to save the people."

 

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